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There are different ways to tackle a corruption essay. First, you can decide to write an informative essay that aims to educate your readers on what corruption really is, where it comes from, and how corruption can be remedied. Second, you can write an argumentative essay on why corruption is one of the biggest problems that countries, both developed and developing, should address by citing the numerous nationwide effects of having a system of corrupt practices in place.
For every type of corruption essay that you write, it helps to draw the line between corruption and other undesirable practices that government officials engage in. Corruption, as defined by most bodies of authority, is the misuse of government power for illegitimate private gain.
Corruption comes in many forms and is resorted to by different individuals and institutions in the government. It can be greed-based, or the type of corruption engaged in by high-level government officials, or need-based, a more desperate kind of corruption that workers in the rank and file resort to because their present income as it is isn’t enough to get them through.
Common forms of corruption are: bribery, influence peddling, political patronage, nepotism, cronyism, electoral fraud, embezzlement, kickbacks, involvement in an unholy alliance, and organized crimes.
Greed-based and Need-based Corruption
A more powerful corruption essay is one that tries to expose the root of the problem so that we can create ways to banish it entirely. Although there are several theories that try to explain the existence of corruption, there are no hard-and-fast rules as to why it is there. This is the reason why corruption is such a difficult problem to solve. The challenge in writing a corruption essay that takes this angle is choosing at least one cause of corruption, explaining why it causes such a problem, and providing suggestions on how it can be remedied.
The following are conditions that encourage corruption:
- A system that restricts business and economic opportunities
- Huge discretionary powers for government officials but not enough mechanisms to ensure accountability and transparency
- An uneducated voter base
- Lack of access to high-quality information and irresponsible media reporting
- Poor government control, a weak rule of law, and an easily swayed judicial branch of the government
- Family and clan-centered social structure
Effects of Corruption on a Nation
Often, writers cite the debilitating effects of a phenomenon to persuade their readers to take action. If this is where you want to go with your corruption essay, there is a whole array of options for you to take. Corruption, especially one that is deeply ingrained into the culture of a people, has massive, destructive effects on a country. These effects can be economic, environmental, and social and can have a lasting impact on a nation.
When writing this kind of essay, remember to cite remedial measures that a country can take to stem the growth of the culture of corruption and hopefully to counter it. It would be useless to dish out a dreary list of the problematic effects of corruption without shedding a ray of hope for the reader that this problem can at least be cured.